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A Deeper Look into Development

The Design Approach

Moving forward, I decided to focus on changing consumer behavior. This can be done by creating a repair culture where users are encouraged to fix and care for their belongings.

Keeping our possessions for an extra nine months can reduce the related carbon, water, and waste footprint by 20 – 30%.

(WRAP 2012)


Newsflash: Footwear pollutes the planet

Toxic Adhesives

Material Fusion

Most solvent-based adhesives contain VOCs which are toxins to those working in the factories and seem into the soil when they reach the landfill. 

Parts that are not sewn together are for the most part fused together, making it impossible to separate parts to replace. 

20+ parts

Many shoes have tens of parts increasing the steps and energy needed for manufacturing.

Moving Forward

With the problems found, I started exploring these issues in mind. Trying new methods for construction, manufacturing, features, and material use. 

Before diving in I created a persona and character board to gear the shoes towards.


For the Young Adventurer

The project will be geared towards a younger backcountry lover who wears a lot of heavy-duty and earthy textiles. He is also the DIYer who tries to preserve his belongings. He is not skilled when it comes to soft goods.  


Top Concepts

The focus was on how to make the shoes come apart as easily as possible and back together in a way that was strong against the elements for hiking. Concepts that stood out were ones that prioritized simple methods of hooking on to each other such as those inspired by snaps and outlets. The midsole acted at the "bone" of the construction where everything was attached to it.

Low budget test builds 

Choosing a few concepts to prototype, I was going through the motions of building and repairing to experience what a user would experience. I found that these patterns tested were not as strong as thought and the way they were sewn to the midsole was too time-consuming, tedious, and difficult for an average person to do.


Bringing it all together

After extensively ideating on how the shoes would go together, I landed on the upper being held together by buttons. The buttons offered a simple and secure way to put on and take off the vamp. After some tests, it was clear that there needed to be a button-like system that was stronger such as with inserts. 

Testing & Refinements

I was convinced of the concept of buttons. It was strong, easy to work with and disassemble. After a few tests, it was noted that the buttons did not hold up as long as expected. After taking it on and off once, the thread had stretched. 

Taking inspiration from the buttons, I moved toward inserts. The inserts allowed for extra strength and easy usability. After the test, it proved its ability to stay in place but I still had to take stretching, aging, and ease of removal into consideration.  

Final Design


Aluminum Eyelets

Pins add much-needed strength to the lace holes

Yak wool Upper

Yak wool is warm, breathable, antibacterial, strong, and easily recycled

Hand Screws

Shoe easily comes apart for replacement parts and repairs

Knit Upper

Simple pattern allows for quick and efficient production



Putting it together


Place inserts in holes and place on the upper and line up with inserts


Put on the outsole, lining up with inserts


Screw in to lock together

Prolonging the life

Some things users can do to prolong the life of their shoes. The single-piece upper makes it easy to even patch up holes under a sewing machine or by hand. 


Patch upper under sewing machine or by hand


Machine washing fabrics separately


Replacing worn parts and return the old ones to get recycled to get made into new parts

Thank you!

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